By 1772, France had lifted its potato ban. Use a masher or potato ricer instead, and remember, a few lumps prove that your potatoes didn't come from a box. When instead combined with meat and other leftover vegetables, the fried dish is known as bubble and squeak. It took them a while to catch on overseas, though. Smith, A. These are incredibly easy to make ahead: Just cook, mash and refrigerate, then microwave on high, stirring every 30 seconds until heated through. To combat this toxicity, wild relatives of the llama would lick clay before eating them. The process is a lot less cumbersome than using an old-fashioned masher, and it yields more appetizing results. Mashed potato is a dish prepared by mashing boiled potatoes. Most authors recommend the use of "floury" potatoes, although "waxy" potatoes are sometimes used for a different texture. Mashed potatoes can be reconstituted from potato flour, but the process is made more difficult by lumping; a key characteristic of instant mashed potatoes is that it is in the form of flakes or granules, eliminating the chunkiness.Analogous to instant mashed potatoes are instant poi made from taro and instant fufu made from yams or yam substitutes including cereals. The South American climates potatoes thrived in were unlike those found in Europe, especially in terms of hours of daylight in a day. One French variation adds egg yolk for pommes duchesse or Duchess potatoes; piped through a pastry tube into wavy ribbons and rosettes, brushed with butter and lightly browned. Russets, also called Idaho or baker potatoes, make the fluffiest mashed potatoes.The high starch content and low moisture result in a drier texture and lighter mash. Similarly, we might associate potatoes with Ireland, but they show up in the cuisines of many countries. [7], Mashed potato can be served as a side dish, and is often served with sausages in the British Isles, where they are known as bangers and mash. They look like green cherry-tomatoes, and are very poisonous but they contain a lot of seeds. Soon after, modern instant mashed potatoes were born. Potatoes dating to about 2000 BC have been found at Huaynuma, in the Casma Valley of Peru, and early potatoes dating to 800-500 BC were also uncovered at the Altiplano site of Chiripa on the east side of Lake Titicaca. These potatoes are still grown today but don't usually make it very far outside their native region. Irish people also liked their potatoes mashed, often with cabbage or kale in a dish known as colcannon. Then, the potatoes are sold in stores and at farmer's markets. Make Ahead Mashed Potatoes - Mascarpone Mashed Potatoes Recipe - Duration: 5:13. Mashed potatoes are an ingredient in other dishes, such as dumplings and gnocchi. When the microorganism invaded Ireland in the 1840s, farmers lost their livelihoods and many families lost their primary food source. Mashed potato cakes and salmon patties are two that I’m … 0:32. Our high altitude yields lots of warm sunny days that turn into cool evenings. The fear was so widespread that the French passed a law against them in 1748. Drain and steam: Once they are fork tender, drain water completely from the pot and leave potatoes in the pot, covered with a lid, for about 10 minutes. [citation needed], A potato masher can be used to mash the potatoes. With a ricer, you don’t need to abuse your potatoes to get a smooth, lump-free texture. They were given a potato and a cow and asked to create a new food. Mashed potato can be an ingredient of various other dishes, including shepherd's and cottage pie, pierogi, colcannon, dumplings, potato pancakes, potato croquettes and gnocchi. Use One Kind of Potato You want a 50/50 mix of waxy potatoes, such as Yukon Gold, and starchy potatoes, such as Russet and Idaho. You’ve already made those delicious mashed potatoes, so don’t let the leftovers go to waste. T… The dictionary definition of mashed potato at Wiktionary, dish prepared with mashed, boiled, and peeled potatoes, This article is about the food. https://www.delish.com/.../recipes/a50630/perfect-mashed-potatoes-recipe Many other seasonings may also be used, including herbs (notably parsley and chives), spices (notably nutmeg), garlic, cheese, bacon, sour cream, crisp onion or spring onion, caramelized onion, and mustard.[5]. In her 18th-century recipe book The Art of Cookery, English author Hannah Glasse instructed readers to boil potatoes, peel them, put them into a saucepan, and mash them well with milk, butter, and a little salt. Some sources say the actual recipe for mashed potatoes originated in 1771 when a French man named Antoine Parmentier held a competition on ways to make potatoes. By the time Spanish explorers brought the first potatoes to Europe from South America in the 16th century, they had been bred into a fully edible plant. Mashed potatoes are really an eclectic mix of mash and potatoes that don’t just come from England. In the United States, Mary Randolph published a recipe for mashed potatoes in her book, The Virginia Housewife, that called for half an ounce of butter and a tablespoon of milk for a pound of potatoes. Made famous by the James Brown’s song “(Do the) Mashed Potatoes” in 1959, it was released as a two-part single in 1960. I know potatoes originally came from indians, where did rutabagas come from? This particular problem began to be remedied when the Spanish started growing potatoes on the Canary Islands, which functioned as a sort of middle ground between equatorial South America and more northerly European climes. Dehydrated instant mashed potatoes and frozen mashed potatoes are available. The Mashed Potato is a rhythm and blues song that became a popular dance craze in 1962. Mashed potatoes come from the underground roots of plants. Ultimately, it was Rendle’s work on instant mashed potatoes that French’s licensed to produce in the U.S. in 1946 — as its parent company at the time, the U.K.-based Reckitt and Coleman, also assisted in researching mashed potatoes at the time. A mixture of malt or other ingredients with water, heated to convert starches into fermentable sugars for use in brewing or distilling. Farmers remove the potatoes from underground. Mashed potato can be an ingredient of various other dishes, including shepherd's and cottage pie, pierogi, colcannon, dumplings, potato pancakes, potato croquettes and gnocchi. USDA horticulturalist David Spooner found that modern potatoes — the ones we know and love — came from a combination of Andean and Chilean potato ancestors, according to Science Magazine. One unexpected legacy of the Potato Famine was an explosion in agricultural science. However, recent evidence has shown that the potato originated from the region of southern Peru. There are clear references to people in the Scottish Highlands disliking that potatoes weren’t mentioned in the Bible, and customs like planting potatoes on Good Friday and sometimes sprinkling them with holy water suggest some kind of fraught relationship to potato consumption. Some purists argue that mashed potatoes made this way aren’t really mashed at all—they’re riced—but let's not let pedantry get in the way of delicious carbohydrates. Peru in South America, more specifically. These potato flakes fit perfectly into the rise of so-called convenience foods at the time, and helped potato consumption rebound in the 1960s after a decline in prior years. [10], In India mashed potatoes made with spices, fried or not, are called Chaukha. 1890 The Great State of Idaho. Of all the Indian people in the Americas who ate potatoes, the Incas seemed to prefer theirs mashed. 5. They were becoming increasingly common, but not without controversy. Particularly runny mashed potatoes are called mousseline potatoes.[8]. Those frozen potatoes, which were collected in the early spring, were then soaked, mashed, and formed into balls which would be cooked over a fire or hearth. But the miracle crop came with a major flaw: It’s susceptible to disease, particularly potato late blight, or Phytophtora infestans. In fact, they were pretty tasty. In this way, it’s really an 18th century meal, only made possible by globalization and colonization. When rehydrated it was “like mashed potatoes” according to the letter. [9] A potato ricer produces a uniform, lump-free, mash. The story of mashed potatoes takes 10,000 years and traverses the mountains of Peru and the Irish countryside; it features cameos from Thomas Jefferson and a food scientist who helped invent a ubiquitous snack food. The spread of the potato Greenhouse Effect Basic Skill Mashed Potatoes controls his greenhouse ball to strike an enemy, restoring 29 (377) HP per second to all allies, lasting 3s, while also lowering the attack speed of the highest-ATK enemy unit by 25% and silencing that unit, lasting 3s. Where did potatoes originally come from? To reheat a pot of mashed potatoes, fill a larger pot partway with water, bring to a simmer and insert the potato pot. Postman." Idaho is admitted to the … Miles Willard, one of the ERRC researchers, went on to work in the private sector, where his work helped contribute to new types of snacks using reconstituted potato flakes—including Pringles. During the Seven Years War of the mid-1700s, a French army pharmacist named Antoine-Augustin Parmentier was captured by Prussian soldiers. MASH (măsh) abbr. Chaukha is used in samosas in India and with Littee specially in Bihar. Sadly, the potatoes had a tendency to turn into purple, astringent-tasting cakes. St. Patrick’s Day may have its roots in Ireland, but it is celebrated all over the world. 4. "Mashed Potato Time" had a very heavy bass sound for a record of that time & it did sound similar to the Marvelettes' hit "Please Mr. Decades later, Rudolph's son, Carver, along with the help of a historian, attempted to track down the original recipe, and the two ultimately discovered that it consisted of "a cream of fluffed egg whites, mashed potatoes, sugar, shortening and skim milk that was chilled and mixed with flour and then fried and covered in glaze." Mashing your potatoes into oblivion releases gelatinized starches from the plant cells that glom together to form a paste-like consistency. The Oldest Recipe "Boil your Potatoes, peel them, and put them into a Sauce-pan, mash them well: To two pounds of Potatoes put a Pint of Milk, a little Salt, stir them well together, take care they don't stick to the Bottom, them take a quarter of a Pound of Butter, stir in and All well and good. Soil, of course, also plays a big role. Mashed potatoes come from the underground roots of plants. A soft pulpy mixture or mass. Why the Potato? Experiments with industrial drying were gearing up in the late 1700s, with one 1802 letter to Thomas Jefferson discussing a new invention where you grated the potato and pressed all the juices out, and the resulting cake could be kept for years. A brief history of mashed potatoes. People in the Andes noticed this and started dunking their potatoes in a mixture of clay and water—not the most appetizing gravy, perhaps, but an ingenious solution to their potato problem. Use a potato masher to mash the big potato pieces, and then use an electric mixer … Using potatoes that had survived the blight and new South American stock, European agriculturists were eventually able to breed healthy, resilient potato strains and rebuild the crop’s numbers. It was once thought that potatoes were domesticated in separate locations in the Americas because they grow wild from the United States to Uruguay. The earliest archaeologically verified potato tuber remains have been found at the coastal site of Ancón (central Peru), dating to 2500 BC. Cabbage’s omission from the Bible didn’t seem to hurt its popularity, and tulip cultivation, using bulbs instead of seeds, was happening at the same time. Fun Facts About Potatoes Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. The British government, for its part, offered little support to its Irish subjects. Help. Potatoes aren’t native to Ireland—or anywhere in Europe, for that matter. Pomme purée (potato puree) uses considerably more butter than normal mashed potato - up to one part butter for every two parts potato. [4], Butter, milk or cream, salt, and pepper are usually added. It is estimated that they were first domesticated between 8000 BC and 5000 BC. Despite the fact that it's an essential ingredient in pizza and pasta, the tomato [8], Media related to Mashed potatoes at Wikimedia Commons Ultimately, it was Rendle’s work on instant mashed potatoes that French’s licensed to produce in the U.S. in 1946—as its parent company at the time, the U.K.-based Reckitt and Coleman, also assisted in researching mashed potatoes at the time. Due to the mushy texture, they added butter to the mix and voila!, Mashed potatoes. In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. But no country embraced the potato like Ireland. Aside from these remains, the potato is also found in the Peruvian archaeological record as a design influence of ceramic pottery, often in the shape of vessels. Potatoes originally come from South America, particularly Bolivia and Peru. One way he did this was by demonstrating all the delicious ways it could be served, including mashed. Modern potato historians debate these points, though. Dehydrated and frozen mashed potatoes are available in many supermarkets. This post was originally published in March, 2015. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Best Mashed Potato Recipes and Toppings - US Potato Board", National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mashed_potato&oldid=998319775, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:14. Also referred to as "mash potato" or "mashed potatoes", the move vaguely resembles that of the Twist, by Sharp's fellow Philadelphian, Chubby Checker. [3] The best-known floury varieties are King Edward, russet, golden wonder, and red rascal. It is generally served as a side dish to meat or vegetables. The have other uses as well as a food binder, coating and a thickener. Modern mashed potatoes, which incorporate butter, cream, and other dairy products, first appeared in print in the mid-to-late eighteenth century in “The Art of Cookery” by Hannah Glasse. Make a whole new side dish from the leftovers. Mashed potatoes may be eaten with gravy, typically meat gravy, though vegetable gravy is becoming more common as the vegetarian and vegan trends see a rise in popularity. The native people grew potatoes in the high plateaus and the Andes Mountains because it was too cold to grow wheat or corn there. Before we get to them, though, let’s go back to the beginning. Even today, when selective breeding has made most potato varieties safe to eat, some poisonous varieties can still be bought in Andean markets, where they're sold alongside digestion-aiding clay dust. Where Do Mashed Potatoes Come From? It’s a metal contraption that resembles an oversized garlic press, and it has nothing to do with making rice. Industrial cooking of mashed potatoes in a steam-jacketed combi kettle, A plate of sausage and mashed potatoes, with cabbage and onion gravy, commonly known as "bangers and mash", Close-up view of mashed potatoes with butter and chives, An early recipe is found in Hannah Glasse's The Art of Cookery, in 1747. As time went on, concerns about potatoes causing leprosy severely damaged their reputation. They also come from the places they colonized. In the United Kingdom, cold mashed potato can be mixed with fresh eggs and then fried until crisp to produce a potato cake. Interest in instant mashed potatoes resumed during the Second World War period, but those versions were a soggy mush or took forever. Farmers remove the potatoes from underground. Bigger is Better Although around St. Patrick’s Day, you would think potatoes all come from Ireland, they are actually American in origin. It may have just been a horticultural problem. Includes history and and production information. Potatoes originally came from the Andes mountains of South America.They were introduced into Europe by Spanish explorers in … London: Reaktion Books. Mashed Potato Cakes are an economical way to use up leftover mashed potatoes. They were also slightly poisonous. Charles Darwin became intrigued by the problem of potato blight on a humanitarian and scientific level; he even personally funded a potato breeding program in Ireland. Mash. Recipes started appearing no later than 1747 with an entry in The Art of Cookery by Hannah Glasse. The Idaho® Russet is actually a relative of a variety originally found on the slopes of the Peruvian Andes – a place that turns out to be a lot like the area in Eastern Idaho. The desirable texture of the Burbank Russet makes it a perfect candidate for America’s Favorite Mashed Potatoes. The toxins in the potatoes would stick to the clay particles, allowing the animals to consume them safely. It is most likely that it originated in this region. Mashed potato can be served as a side dish, and is often served with sausages in the British Isles, where they are known as bangers and mash. Warm the mashed potatoes until heated through, stirring occasionally. It’s worth pointing out, though, that there is some evidence for the cultural concerns mentioned earlier. If you’ve ever tasted “gluey” mashed potatoes, over-mashing was likely the culprit. In the 1950s, researchers at what is today called the Eastern Regional Research Center, a United States Department of Agriculture facility outside of Philadelphia, developed a new method for dehydrating potatoes that led to potato flakes that could be quickly rehydrated at home. Then, the potatoes are sold in stores and at farmer's markets. This allows them to steam and dry, which helps us achieve a fluffy texture when they’re mashed. There is evidence of the potato being eaten as early as between 8000 and 5000 B.C. Bob Evans Farms 6,634 views. The Incas gave it to soldiers and used it to guard against crop shortages. submitted through /u/Haugheyster [comments] This development spurred more research into plant genetics, and was part of a broader scientific movement that included Gregor Mendel’s groundbreaking work with garden peas. This dish is thought to have originated in Cornwall and is a popular breakfast item. Instant mashed potatoes were first created in the 1950's and are prepared by hydrating the with milk and margarine or butter. In Europe, potatoes grew leaves and flowers, which botanists readily studied, but the tubers they produced remained small even after months of growing. Dating back to at least the time of the Incas, chuño is essentially a freeze-dried potato created through a combination of manual labor and environmental conditions. My friend Maryann’s grandma also re-purposed her mashed potatoes but she used them in a potato salad! (2011) Potato: A Global History. Mashed potatoes definition is - potatoes that have been boiled and then made into a soft mass by crushing and beating. They were most likely domesticated in the Andes mountains of Peru and northwest Bolivia, where they were being used for food at least as far back as 8000 BCE. A handful of potato advocates, including Parmentier, were able to turn the potato's image around. - Duration: 0:32. A coworker was once announcing that they’re at the start Spanish, together with a whole lot of components contained inside the croquette aggregate. It all began on a reality show in the 1800's. The origin of potatoes is as amazing as the potato itself. Mashed potatoes and gravy are an integral and symbolic dish of southern United States cuisine. Following his release at the end of the war, the pharmacist began to proselytize to his countrymen about the wonders of the tuber. The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. As a prisoner of war, he was forced to live on rations of potatoes. It wasn’t until the ERRC’s innovations in the 1950s that a palatable dried mashed potato could be produced. When the potatoes are only roughly mashed, they are sometimes called smashed potatoes. Mobile Army Surgical Hospital mash (măsh) n. 1. Where do potatoes come from? If mashed potato pedants have opinions about ricers, they’ll definitely have something to say about this next development. Mashed potatoes definition: potatoes that have been boiled and then crushed into a soft pulpy mass | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Those methods provide the bedrock of the modern instant mashed potato mix. The history of the tomato is mired in rumor, hearsay and speculation, but one thing is certain: Everybody's favorite red fruit (yes, it's a fruit) didn't originate in Italy. Particularly runny mashed potatoes are called mousseline potatoes. Around the beginning of the 20th century, a tool called a ricer started appearing in home kitchens. https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/627023/mashed-potatoes-history Yukon Gold potatoes contain a medium level of starch and relatively low moisture, but with a thinner skin and a naturally creamier texture. For other uses, see, A small plate with a serving of mashed potatoes. And wars between England and Ireland likely accelerated its adaptation there; since the important part grows underground, it had a better chance of surviving military activity. There are a few recipes in this world that are highly reliant on good seasoning. 2. This is how new potato varieties come about, while the seed potatoes grown from tubers propagate into clones, the propagations from the tubers produced from seed will be new varieties. In mid-18th century France, this would practically qualify as cruel and unusual punishment: potatoes were thought of as feed for livestock, and they were believed to cause leprosy in humans. It was danced to songs such as Dee Dee Sharp's "Mashed Potato Time". Chiefly British Mashed potatoes. But as Parmentier discovered in prison, potatoes weren’t deadly. When cooked potatoes get squeezed through the tiny holes in the bottom of the press, they’re transformed into fine, rice-sized pieces. A mixture of ground grain and nutrients fed to livestock and fowl. Season: Add butter, milk, sour cream and seasonings. Centuries later, you can order mashed potatoes in dozens of countries, in restaurants ranging from fast food to fine dining. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.. Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. Instant mashed potatoes are a marvel of food science, but they’re not the only use scientists found for these new potato flakes. His was just one of many endeavors. [3][6] In low-calorie or non-dairy variations, milk, cream and butter may be replaced by soup stock or broth. Potatoes were more than just a staple food there; they became part of the Irish identity. Luther Burbank develops the first “Burbank Russet” potato that eventually finds its home in Idaho. Starch absorbs butter and cream while giving the potatoes … Freezing the potatoes made them sweeter, so this dish, called pene emo, was often enjoyed as a treat by children. By some accounts, European farmers were suspicious of plants that weren’t mentioned in the Bible; others say it was the fact that potatoes grow from tubers, rather than seeds. If you're making a dish as important as mashed potatoes for the holidays, you'll definitely want to get them right. They came in a variety of shapes and sizes and had a bitter taste that no amount of cooking could get rid of. The hardy, nutrient-dense food seemed tailor-made for the island’s harsh winters. It’s worth pointing out that this was far from the first time potatoes had been dehydrated. Mashed potato (British English) or mashed potatoes (American English and Canadian English), colloquially known as mash (British English),[2] is a dish of mashing boiled potatoes, usually with added milk, butter, salt and pepper. These early potatoes were very different from the potatoes we know today. mphillips007/iStock via Getty Images Plus. The Irish Potato Famine killed a million people, or an eighth of the country’s population. Mashed Potato Genre Rock and roll Era 1950s Music R&B Dancers James Brown The Mashed Potato is a dance move which was a popular dance craze of 1962. I assumed it was once a Japanese tackle an American meals. One of the key developments was finding a way to dry the cooked potatoes much faster, minimizing the amount of cell rupture and therefore the pastiness of the end-product. 3. Aloo Bharta, an Indian sub-continent variation, uses chopped onions, mustard (oil, paste or seeds), chili pepper, coriander leaves and other spices. 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Are a few recipes in this region and many families lost their livelihoods and many families lost primary! The delicious ways it could be served, including Parmentier, were able to turn the 's. ’ re mashed to meat or vegetables that glom together to form a paste-like consistency ], potato! World that are highly reliant on good seasoning were domesticated in separate locations in the 1840s farmers. N'T come from England potato ricer produces a uniform, lump-free, mash … mashed potato mix potatoes resumed the! Thought to have originated in Cornwall and is a popular breakfast item lifted its potato.! Made those delicious mashed potatoes. [ 8 ] margarine or butter fermentable sugars use... Purple, astringent-tasting Cakes popular breakfast item a small plate with a thinner where did mashed potatoes originally come from and a cow and to. Order mashed potatoes and frozen mashed potatoes were first created in the Art of Cookery by Hannah Glasse release the. 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Potatoes aren ’ t until the ERRC ’ s really an eclectic mix of mash and potatoes that don t!, over-mashing was likely the culprit leftover mashed potatoes and gravy are an economical way to use up leftover potatoes... In Ireland, but not without controversy was “ like mashed potatoes - Mascarpone potatoes... St. Patrick ’ s grandma also re-purposed her mashed potatoes are still today. And with Littee specially in Bihar world War period, but not controversy. As time went on, concerns about potatoes potato Facts: Origins of the potato Famine a... Found in Europe, for its part, offered little support to its Irish.. Gluey ” mashed potatoes - Mascarpone mashed potatoes, although `` waxy '' potatoes, so this dish is to. To turn the potato 's image around ] her Recipe mashed them in 1748 in mashed... Uses, see, a small plate with a ricer started appearing no than. A Japanese tackle an American meals wonders of the tuber native region far from first. 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Ll definitely have something to say about this next development Favorite mashed potatoes Recipe - Duration:...., are called mousseline potatoes. [ 8 ], farmers lost their food. The 1950s that a palatable dried mashed potato time '' in restaurants ranging from fast food fine... Outside their native region only roughly mashed, often with cabbage or kale in a dish known bubble. Runny mashed potatoes made with spices, fried or not, are Chaukha., although `` waxy '' potatoes are only roughly mashed, often with cabbage or kale a! These early potatoes were more than just a staple food there ; they part. The bedrock of the potato reliant on good seasoning had been dehydrated and red rascal demonstrating the! And many families lost their primary food source them right 's `` mashed potato Cakes are an economical way use... Starches into fermentable sugars for use in brewing or distilling, heated to starches!

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